• Adult and juvenille bed bugs

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Bed Bugs

You are at an increasing risk of bed bug infestation in your home. Bed bugs are found throughout the world and are becoming more common in New Zealand.

Identifying

Adult bed bugs are small (3-5mm), oval, wingless parasitic insects. When they have recently fed they will be reddish brown, but when they haven’t fed for some time they will be pale and almost translucent. When just hatched from eggs bed bugs are tiny (only just visible to the naked eye) and pale.

Bed bugs hide in cracks and crevices during the day and come out at night to feed on blood. They are attracted to the food source (us) by body heat and carbon dioxide from our breath. They feed by using their hypodermic like mouth parts to penetrate the skin. They then inject 'saliva' which contains anti-coagulant proteins to stop your blood clotting. When sleeping you are unlikely to feel the bite as it is happening this may be due to the fine nature of the bed bug hyperdermic mouth parts or anaesthetic proteins in the bed bug saliva. It is the proteins in the saliva that cause itchy inflammation reactions and reddened marks in about 50% of people they bite. Many of those with bed bug infestations may not be aware of the presence of a bed bugs because they have no reaction to the bites. The first sign of infestation my be blood or bed bug faeces marks (like a tick with a black ballpoint pen) on sheets, find the bugs themselves hiding in seams or when some susceptible person in the house is bitten. There is currently no evidence that bed bugs transmit disease even though pathogens have been found in their gut.

The Bed Bug is wingless (its wings are vestigal - reduced in size and not used) and therefore likely to be found near to where the host sleeps; in the mattress or bed frame, behind wallpaper, in spaces behind skirting, seams of curtains, electrical sockets, under the edge of carpets and in furniture.

Because they ingest up to seven times their own body weight in blood in one feed, they can survive long periods between feeding. After mating takes place, bed bugs will lay up to 200 eggs. The nymphs that hatch out are miniature versions of the adult. There is no larval stage. The nymphs will moult several times over a period of 6-18 months before becoming an adult.

It is not true that bed bugs are a sign of a 'dirty' home. bed bugs will infest the cleanest home, hotel, motel or backpackers. They are easily transported in luggage and other items moved from one sleeping place to another.

Check out how to identify bite marks here.

Solving

To get rid of bed bugs follow these steps:

  1. Search > Thoroughly check all seams, cracks and joins around beds, curtains, carpet edges, skirting boards, picture frames, electrical sockets and other furniture in the affected and adjacent rooms. Evidence of bed bugs can include adult bugs (3-5mm), nymphs (small as 1mm), blood smears that look like tiny black ‘ticks’ or ‘crosses’.
  2. Spray > Use Kiwicare NO Bed Bugs Total Solution Box containing NO Bed Bugs Total Protection spray concentrate and NO Bugs Borafume fumigator. Dismantle the bed and other furniture. Open cupboards and drawers and lean the bed mattress and bed base upright against a wall in the room to improve exposure to the spray and vapour. Spray all areas where signs of infestation are found and all other possible hiding places with NO Bed BugsTotal Protection spray. Vacate the room/s and allow spray to dry for several hours. NO Bed Bugs Total Protection spray lasts up to 6 months killing adult bed bugs, making female bed bugs lay sterile eggs and preventing young bed bugs reaching maturity.
    If possible 'hot wash' (60C for 40 min) all clothing and bedding from affected rooms. Items that cannot be washed in a ‘hot wash’ can be bagged and placed in a freezer at -20C for at least 24 hours.  Place bedding in a plastic bag for transport to your washing machine, being careful to make sure no insects are dropped on the way.
  3. Fumigate > Use a NO Bugs Borafume, as found in the NO Bed Bugs Box,  (or NO Fleas Bug Bomb) fumigator to kill adult bed bugs and penetrate into areas that cannot be treated directly. Follow the directions on the side of the fumigator. It will also flush the bed bugs out of hiding places so that they come in contact with sprayed surfaces. Keep room/s sealed for as long as possible, up to 24 hours. If the Bed Bug infestation has become established it may be necessary to repeat this treatment.
    Thoroughly vacuum all parts of the house where the bed bugs have been found. Dispose of the vacuum bag immediately by sealing in a plastic bag and placing in bin outside.
    Use NO Bed Bugs Total Solution Box spray every 2-3 months to prevent bed bugs returning.

Tips

Bed Bugs in Luggage > Bed bugs are often accidentally transported in luggage and clothing. While travelling always check and shake clothes before packing. A light spray of luggage with NO Bed Bugs Total Protection will help prevent your luggage becoming the transport for unwanted hitchhikers.

Prevent Bed Bug Infestations in the Future > If you have had an infestation it is important to continue preventative treatment for 3 months after the last sighting of a bed bug. Consider how the bed bugs could have been introduced; luggage? Boxes, furniture* or other material brought into the area from other premises? Check these and treat with NO Bed BugsTotal Protection or NO Fleas Total. Clear away clutter in rooms that might provide hiding places for bed bugs. Seal and fill cracks and crevices where bed bugs might find shelter, taking care not to leave spaces where they can hide more difficult to treat.

In high risk places such as hotels, motels, backpackers, and other places people congregate to sleep it is wise to routinely carry out a search for signs of bed bugs so that treatment can be carried out promptly. It may be appropriate to carry out preventative treatment on a regular basis (every two months) where there is high turnover of travelling people who might have come in contact with bed bugs elsewhere.

*Second hand furniture is a common way for bed bugs to be unknowingly moved from one home to another. If you are considering buying any used furniture, or you have purchased some recently, check it carefully and consider treating it with NO Bed Bugs Total Protection spray as a preventative measure.

Download the Kiwicare 1-2-3 Bed Bug Control Programme Document for your future reference.

Adobe Acrobat Document1-2-3 Bed Bug Control Programme Technical Sheet
Adobe Acrobat Document, 563 KB
1-2-3 Bed Bug Control Programme Technical Sheet

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