To Mulch or Not to Mulch? That is the question.
There is much, apparently conflicting, advice on whether one should mulch a lawn or collect the lawnmower clippings and put them on your compost heap.
Mulching a lawn is when the clippings are left on the lawn rather than collected in the mower catcher. Many lawnmowers can be set to mulch or are mulching mowers. Leaving the clippings on the lawn returns nutrient to the lawn, removing the clippings takes nutrient away which must be replaced with fertiliser. Some people advise that leaving the clippings is beneficial in returning nutrients and giving the soil more organic matter. Others advise that the clippings form a 'thatch' of dead grass harbours diseases and smothers the grass.
Both are correct. The question should be 'When to Mulch and When Not to Mulch?'
Lawn grasses need nutrients and leaving the clippings on the lawn reduces the depletion of nutrients and the need for adding fertiliser. It also helps protect the soil from extremes of temperature and holds in moisture. However, leaving too many clippings on the lawn can cover lawn grass and create conditions for diseases to flourish. The thatch build-up begins when organic debris builds up faster than it can be broken down.
The answer is to mulch only when you are trimming the lawn. Cutting a small amount of grass off the top will produce short clippings that will fall through the grass to the soil surface; being small they will be easily broken down and incorporated into the soil.
If the lawn is less than 7 cm in height, grass clippings can be left on the lawn after cutting. The clippings decompose quickly, returning nutrients to the soil within two weeks after mowing. The macro elements of the clippings comprise nitrogen, phosphorus and potassium at a ratio of approx. 5:2:3. Trace minerals are also present. The amount of nitrogen returned to the soil is thought to be as much as 88 kg/ha. Since nitrogen is the most expensive component of all lawn fertilisers, it pays to leave clippings when they won't smother the lawn.
Don't mulch when the grass has grown longer than 7 cm as a lot needs cut off (never cut grass down by more than 1/3 of its height), instead collect the clippings and compost them. Such long clippings would not easily get to the soil surface and would sit on top of the grass, smothering it. They would also take longer to break down, so the thatch builds up and becomes a moist mat where disease fungi and their spores can survive. Mulching lawnmowers do cut up clippings to shorter lengths but if there is too much clipping or the grass is damp the mulch will clump and cover the lawn grass.
So, look at your lawn and examine the amount of thatch on the soil under the grass. If the soil is bare, set your mower to mulch and trim the lawn of 10-15 mm off the top. If the thatch is thicker than 5-10 mm then do not mulch and consider de-thatching by raking the thatch out using a grass rake.
Diseased lawns should not be mulched either. Mulching diseased grass will only serve to spread and maintain the disease. If your lawn is suffering from red thread, brown patch, dollar spot, fairy rings, fusarium, etc. then collect the clippings and dispose of them or ensure they are composted fully before use. If you are not sure what is causing brown patches on your lawn you can read the article 'What are those Brown Patches on Your Lawn?'.
Thatch is the dense spongy layer at the base of your lawn made up of tightly interwoven or compacted stems, leaves and roots. Lawns with high levels of thatch (2 cm or more) can create an environment in which disease and insect pests thrive. Poor drainage compacted soil and unfavourable pH can contribute to high levels of thatch.
- Apply LawnPro D-Thatch or LawnPro Turfclean & Green + D-Thatch to the affected areas of lawn. This naturally encourages the breakdown of excessive thatch by beneficial soil organisms and restores the balance of breakdown to build-up.
- Alternatively manually remove the excessive thatch by raking out the dead material with a grass rake, de-thatcher rake or mechanical scarifier.
- Then apply LawnPro Lawn Thickener to promote strong grass growth and to fill in areas where grass has been stunted.