Ants are nest forming social insects that can be a nuisance in the garden, some species protect and 'farm' pests such as aphids and scale insects.
Identify the problem
Ants in the garden can be more than a nuisance and a source of infestation in the home. Some ant species will attack and remove competing invertebrates from their environment and protect and 'farm' sap sucking pest insects such as aphids and scale insects. They feed on the honey dew droplets that aphids and scale will produce as waste from their feeding on plant sap.
Ants are social insects, building nests containing many thousands of individuals. The nests are often in warm, dry areas of the garden such as under paving stones, paths, driveways and plant pots. Ants that invade homes in search of food are most often from nests located in the garden.
Control of ants in the garden can be important, both for removing a nuisance and as part of the control of the insect pests such as aphids and scale insects that they 'farm.' Ants protect the aphids and scale so that they can feed on the honeydew that the sap sucking pests produce.
Flying Ants - Often referred to as alates, ants with wings are the female queen and male ants who grow wings, take the air for a nuptial flight to reproduce, and start new colonies. This happens in the form of swarms that can be of significant numbers. Read more.
To get rid of ants in the garden follow these simple steps:
- Search > Find the ant nest sites. In most cases ant nests will be in warm, dry sandy soil, often under a rock, paving stone, driveway etc. where the nest is kept dry. On warm days search for a stream of worker ants going back and forth into a hole in the ground. It may be possible to drop bread crumbs in their path and then watch the ants carry the crumbs back the nest. Do not treat this entrance with insecticide yet.
Now carry out the Kiwicare 1-2-3 Bait-Barrier-Destroy program.
- Kill the queens > Use many small amounts of NO Ants Nest Killer Gel Bait or NO Ants Liquid Bait where you see ants or have seen them in the past. If the gel is not being taken, try the liquid bait and vice versa. Workers feed on the bait and take it back to the nest to feed and kill the queen(s) and larvae. Replenish the bait regularly until you see no more (or very few) insects feeding. Only then should you use spray insecticide to eradicate the nests and to act as a barrier to further infestation. Ants are very sensitive to strong chemicals. All dishes or containers used to hold bait should be rinsed well with clean water and dried before use. A great alternative is to use a strip of masking tape and squeeze the bait on top. The tape will hold the bait in place and can be easily removed. .
- Stop them with barriers > NO Ants Barrier Spray, NO Bugs Indoor and NO Bugs Super surface sprays will kill ants that cross the treated surfaces but will also act as a barrier; many species of ant will avoid the treated surfaces if possible. It is best to think of sprays used in and around the home as barriers. Sprinkle LawnPro Protect, PLANThealth Insect Hit Granules or LawnPro Lawnguard Granules in flowerbeds, drives and gravel pathways in a ring around the home. When watered in it penetrates the soil killing nests and acting as a ‘curtain’ barrier
- Deny them a nest site > Brush NO Ants Ant Sand into the cracks and crevices in paving and driveways to kill nests and prevent ants using these nest entrances.
- How to Get Rid of Ants video.
- How to Deal With Ants in Vehicles.
- Download the 1-2-3 Ant Control Programme
Did You Know
The nests of some species will co-operate and can be regarded as a super colony.
Ant colonies contain at least 3 castes (some have a fourth caste of soldier ants):
Queens > which are fertilised females after the wings are cast off
Males > short lived often with wings to take part in nuptial flights with females that become queens
Workers > usually sterile females comprising the bulk of the colony.
Foraging workers that you may see out seeking food are usually only about 5% of the colony, so controlling the ants you see with insecticide is only temporary and should only be done after controlling the nest with baits.
Invasive ants such as Argentine ants are more than just a nuisance pest. They are also a threat to New Zealand's biodiversity as they attack and eliminate other insects and invertebrates when they move into a new area. We are at risk of bringing biting ants such as red imported fire ant into New Zealand. There have been three incursions of Fire Ants in New Zealand since 2001 but these have been successfully eradicated by MAF Biosecurity.
As nuisance pests ants can cause electrical and electronic faults when they get into equipment such as electric gates, switch gear, exchanges and computers, they can contaminate food stuffs, and damage garden plants.
Ant colonies will often combine during Winter and separate again in Summer. During Midsummer - late Autumn, swarms of winged males and females of many species take off on nuptial flights. After their nuptials the ants fall to the ground, the males perish and the fertilised females, now queens, cast their wings and crawl off in search of locations for the establishment of new colonies. Ants evolved from early wasps and the similarity is most noticeable when the ants have wings.
Scientific names of important pest ants in New Zealand:
Some ants 'farm' aphids and scale insects for sweet secretions and it worth treating your plants with suitable garden insecticides to control these sapsucking plant pests and deny the ants their food supply.
LawnPro Lawnguard Granules, LawnPro Protector PLANThealth Insect Hit Granules are useful in areas of garden where ants are a nuisance and as an additional barrier around a house or other building. The prills (granules) are sprinkled onto soil and gravel surfaces where ants are travelling and then watered in to take the insecticide deep into the soil, forming a curtain barrier.
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"The result was much better than that when I hired some pest controllers previously." Firstly, I'd like to thank your company for good advice to get rid of ants from home. I bought the products (both NO ANT GEL BAIT and NO ANT LIQUID BAIT) from Mitre10 and followed that suggestion. The result was much better than that when I hired some pest controllers previously. *But I found some problem. The Gel bait worked perfect. The liquid bait was too strong. Ants just died around the bait area, which made the bait containers shipped with the bait only useful for once or twice. Besides, if ants can not bring back the bait to their nest, there would be less chance that it can kill the queen. I hope the liquit bait can have similar effect to that of gel bait.
I‘ve just bought some of your Ant Sand which is absolutely brilliant. We had ants coming in through our ranchsliders (how I’m still not sure). I sprinkled some of your Ant Sand in the ranchslider tracks and overnight they disappeared – leaving a number of dead ones behind.